Aeronautics and Astronautics (Course 16)

16.00A[J] Fundamentals of Engineering Design: Explore Space, Sea and Earth

Same subject as 2.00A[J]
Prereq: Physics I (GIR), Calculus I (GIR)
U (Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

3-3-3 units

See description under subject 2.00A[J]. Enrollment limited; preference to freshmen.

A. H. Techet, D. Newman

16.00 Introduction to Aerospace and Design

Prereq: None
U (Spring)
3-1-5 units

The fundamental concepts and approaches of aerospace engineering are highlighted through lectures on aeronautics, astronautics, and design. Active learning aerospace modules make use of information technology. Student teams are immersed in a hands-on, lighter-than-air (LTA) vehicle design project where they design, build, and fly radio-controlled LTA vehicles. The connections between theory and practice are realized in the design exercises. Required design reviews precede the LTA race competition. The performance, weight, and principle characteristics of the LTA vehicles are estimated and illustrated using physics, mathematics, and chemistry known to freshmen, the emphasis being on the application of this knowledge to aerospace engineering and design rather than on exposure to new science and mathematics. Includes exercises in written and oral communication and team building.

J. A. Hoffman, R. J. Hansman

16.001 Unified Engineering: Materials and Structures

Prereq: Calculus II (GIR); Coreq: 16.002; 18.03 or 18.034
U (Fall)
5-1-6 units. REST

Presents fundamental principles and methods of materials and structures for aerospace engineering, and engineering analysis and design concepts applied to aerospace systems. Topics include statics; analysis of trusses; analysis of statically determinate and indeterminate systems; stress-strain behavior of materials; analysis of beam bending, buckling, and torsion; material and structural failure, including plasticity, fracture, fatigue, and their physical causes. Experiential lab and aerospace system projects provide additional aerospace context.

R. Radovitzky, D. L. Darmofal

16.002 Unified Engineering: Signals and Systems

Prereq: Calculus II (GIR); Coreq: 16.001; Physics II (GIR); 18.03 or 18.034
U (Fall)
5-1-6 units

Presents fundamental principles and methods of signals and systems for aerospace engineering, and engineering analysis and design concepts applied to aerospace systems. Topics include linear and time invariant systems; convolution; transform analysis; and modulation, filtering, and sampling. Experiential lab and aerospace system projects provide additional aerospace context.

K. E. Willcox, D. L. Darmofal

16.003 Unified Engineering: Fluid Dynamics

Prereq: Calculus II (GIR); Physics II (GIR);18.03 or 18.034; Coreq: 16.004
U (Spring)
5-1-6 units

Presents fundamental principles and methods of fluid dynamics for aerospace engineering, and engineering analysis and design concepts applied to aerospace systems. Topics include aircraft and aerodynamic performance, conservation laws for fluid flows, quasi-one-dimensional compressible flows, shock and expansion waves, streamline curvature, potential flow modeling, an introduction to three-dimensional wings and induced drag. Experiential lab and aerospace system projects provide additional aerospace context.

D. L. Darmofal

16.004 Unified Engineering: Thermodynamics

Prereq: Calculus II (GIR); Physics II (GIR);18.03 or 18.034; Coreq: 16.003; Chemistry (GIR)
U (Spring)
5-1-6 units

Presents fundamental principles and methods of thermodynamics for aerospace engineering, and engineering analysis and design concepts applied to aerospace systems. Topics include thermodynamic state of a system, forms of energy, work, heat, the first law of thermodynamics, heat engines, reversible and irreversible processes, entropy and the second law of thermodynamics, ideal and non-ideal cycle analysis, two-phase systems, and introductions to thermochemistry and heat transfer. Experiential lab and aerospace system projects provide additional aerospace context.

Z. S. Spakovszky, D. L. Darmofal

Core Undergraduate Subjects

16.06 Principles of Automatic Control

Prereq: 16.002; 16.003 or 16.004
U (Fall)
3-1-8 units

Introduction to design of feedback control systems. Properties and advantages of feedback systems. Time-domain and frequency-domain performance measures. Stability and degree of stability. Root locus method, Nyquist criterion, frequency-domain design, and some state space methods. Strong emphasis on the synthesis of classical controllers. Application to a variety of aerospace systems. Hands-on experiments using simple robotic systems.

J. P. How

16.07 Dynamics

Prereq: 16.001 or 16.002; 16.003 or 16.004
U (Fall)
4-0-8 units

Fundamentals of Newtonian mechanics. Kinematics, particle dynamics, motion relative to accelerated reference frames, work and energy, impulse and momentum, systems of particles and rigid body dynamics. Applications to aerospace engineering including introductory topics in orbital mechanics, flight dynamics, inertial navigation and attitude dynamics.

W. W. Hoburg

16.09 Statistics and Probability

Prereq: Calculus II (GIR)
U (Spring)
4-0-8 units

Introduction to statistics and probability with applications to aerospace engineering. Covers essential topics, such as sample space, discrete and continuous random variables, probability distributions, joint and conditional distributions, expectation, transformation of random variables, limit theorems, estimation theory, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, statistical tests, and regression.

L. A. Stirling

Mechanics and Physics of Fluids

16.100 Aerodynamics

Prereq: 16.003, 16.004
U (Fall)
3-1-8 units

Extends fluid mechanic concepts from Unified Engineering to aerodynamic performance of wings and bodies in sub/supersonic regimes. Addresses themes such as subsonic potential flows, including source/vortex panel methods; viscous flows, including laminar and turbulent boundary layers; aerodynamics of airfoils and wings, including thin airfoil theory, lifting line theory, and panel method/interacting boundary layer methods; and supersonic and hypersonic airfoil theory. Material may vary from year to year depending upon focus of design problem.

Y. M. Marzouk

16.101 Topics in Fluids and Propulsion

Prereq: Permission of department
U (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Provides credit for work on material in fluids or propulsion outside of regularly scheduled subjects. Intended for study abroad under either the department's Year Abroad Program or the Cambridge-MIT Exchange Program. Credit may be used to satisfy specific SB degree requirements. Requires prior approval. Consult department.

N. Roy

16.110 Flight Vehicle Aerodynamics

Prereq: 16.100 or permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-1-8 units

Aerodynamic analysis of flight vehicles using analytical, numerical, and experimental techniques separately and in combination. Matched asymptotic expansions. Farfield behavior. Finite wing theory. Trefftz-plane analysis. Laminar and turbulent boundary layers. Slender body theory. Calculation and measurement of drag components. Aerodynamic stability derivatives.

D. L. Darmofal

16.120 Compressible Internal Flow

Prereq: 2.25 or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Spring; first half of term)

3-0-3 units

Internal compressible flow with applications in propulsion and fluid systems. Control volume analysis of compressible flow devices. Compressible channel flow and extensions, including effects of shock waves, momentum, energy and mass addition, swirl, and flow non-uniformity on Mach numbers, flow regimes, and choking.

E. M. Greitzer

16.121 Analytical Subsonic Aerodynamics (New)

Prereq: 2.25, 18.085, or permission of instructor
G (Fall; partial term)
3-0-3 units

Analysis of external inviscid, subsonic, flow over aerodynamic thin airfoils and slender lifting bodies. Analyses formulated using singular perturbation and multiple scale methods. Linearized theory. Similarity. Rayleigh-Janzen method. Prandtl-Glauert method. Göthert similarity rule. Subsonic flow past a wave-shaped wall.

W. L. Harris

16.122 Analytical High Speed Aerodynamics

Prereq: 2.25, 18.085, or permission of instructor
G (Spring; partial term)
3-0-3 units

Analysis of external inviscid, transonic, supersonic, and hypersonic flows over thin airfoils and lifting bodies of revolution. Analyses formulated using singular perturbation and multiple scale methods and parametric differentiation. Non-linear, unsteady transonic flow. Prandtl-Meyer flow. Body of minimum wave drag. Sonic boom. Hypersonic equivalence principle. Hypersonic similarity rule (matched asymptotic expansions).

W. L. Harris

16.13 Aerodynamics of Viscous Fluids

Prereq: 16.100, 16.110, or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: G (Spring)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

3-0-9 units

Boundary layers as rational approximations to the solutions of exact equations of fluid motion. Physical parameters influencing laminar and turbulent aerodynamic flows and transition. Effects of compressibility, heat conduction, and frame rotation. Influence of boundary layers on outer potential flow and associated stall and drag mechanisms. Numerical solution techniques and exercises.

M. Drela

Materials and Structures

16.20 Structural Mechanics

Prereq: 16.001
U (Spring)
5-0-7 units

Applies solid mechanics to analysis of high-technology structures. Structural design considerations. Review of three-dimensional elasticity theory; stress, strain, anisotropic materials, and heating effects. Two-dimensional plane stress and plane strain problems. Torsion theory for arbitrary sections. Bending of unsymmetrical section and mixed material beams. Bending, shear, and torsion of thin-wall shell beams. Buckling of columns and stability phenomena. Introduction to structural dynamics. Exercises in the design of general and aerospace structures.

Staff

16.201 Topics in Materials and Structures

Prereq: Permission of department
U (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Provides credit for work in materials and structures outside of regularly scheduled subjects. Intended for study abroad under either the department's Year Abroad Program or the Cambridge-MIT Exchange Program. Credit may be used to satisfy specific SB degree requirements. Requires prior approval. Consult department.

N. Roy

16.202 Manufacturing with Advanced Composite Materials

Prereq: None
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: U (Fall)

1-3-2 units

Introduces the methods used to manufacture parts made of advanced composite materials with work in the Technology Laboratory for Advanced Composites. Students gain hands-on experience by fabricating, machining, instrumenting, and testing graphite/epoxy specimens. Students also design, build, and test a composite structure as part of a design contest. Lectures supplement laboratory sessions with background information on the nature of composites, curing, composite machining, secondary bonding, and the testing of composites.

P. A. Lagace

16.221[J] Structural Dynamics and Vibrations

Same subject as 1.581[J], 2.060[J]
Subject meets with 1.058

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-1-8 units

Single- and multiple-degree-of-freedom vibration problems, using matrix formulation and normal mode superposition methods. Time and frequency domain solution techniques including convolution and Fourier transforms. Applications to vibration isolation, damping treatment, and dynamic absorbers. Analysis of continuous systems by exact and approximate methods. Applications to buildings, ships, aircraft and offshore structures. Vibration measurement and analysis techniques. Students should possess basic knowledge in structural mechanics and in linear algebra. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments.

E. Kausel, J. K. Vandiver

16.223[J] Mechanics of Heterogeneous Materials

Same subject as 2.076[J]
Prereq: 2.002, 3.032, 16.20, or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

Mechanical behavior of heterogeneous materials such as thin-film microelectro- mechanical systems (MEMS) materials and advanced filamentary composites, with particular emphasis on laminated structural configurations. Anisotropic and crystallographic elasticity formulations. Structure, properties and mechanics of constituents such as films, substrates, active materials, fibers, and matrices including nano- and micro-scale constituents. Effective properties from constituent properties. Classical laminated plate theory for modeling structural behavior including extrinsic and intrinsic strains and stresses such as environmental effects. Introduction to buckling of plates and nonlinear (deformations) plate theory. Other issues in modeling heterogeneous materials such as fracture/failure of laminated structures.

B. L. Wardle, S-G. Kim

16.225[J] Computational Mechanics of Materials

Same subject as 2.099[J]
Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall)
Not offered regularly; consult department

3-0-9 units

Formulation of numerical (finite element) methods for the analysis of the nonlinear continuum response of materials. The range of material behavior considered includes finite deformation elasticity and inelasticity. Numerical formulation and algorithms include variational formulation and variational constitutive updates; finite element discretization; constrained problems; time discretization and convergence analysis. Strong emphasis on the (parallel) computer implementation of algorithms in programming assignments. The application to real engineering applications and problems in engineering science are stressed throughout. Experience in either C++, C, or Fortran required.

R. Radovitzky

16.230[J] Plates and Shells: Static and Dynamic Analysis

Same subject as 2.081[J]
Prereq: 2.071, 2.080[J], or permission of instructor
G (Spring)
3-1-8 units

See description under subject 2.081[J].

T. Sapsis

Information and Control Engineering

16.30 Feedback Control Systems

Subject meets with 16.31
Prereq: 16.06 or 6.302
U (Fall)
4-1-7 units

Reviews classical control design using root locus and frequency domain methods (Nyquist diagrams and Bode plots). Studies state-space representation of dynamic systems, including model realizations, controllability, and observability. Introduces the state-space approach to control system analysis and synthesis, including full state feedback using pole placement, state estimation, and the design of dynamic control laws. Also covers performance limitations and robustness. Extensive use of computer-aided control design tools. Applications to various aerospace systems including navigation, guidance, and control of vehicles. Students taking the graduate version complete additional assignments.

S. Karaman

16.301 Topics in Control, Dynamics, and Automation

Prereq: Permission of department
U (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Provides credit for work on material in control and/or dynamics and/or automation outside of regularly scheduled subjects. Intended for study abroad under either the department's Year Abroad Program or the Cambridge-MIT Exchange Program. Credit may be used to satisfy specific SB degree requirements. Requires prior approval. Consult department.

N. Roy

16.31 Feedback Control Systems

Subject meets with 16.30
Prereq: 16.06 or 6.302
G (Fall)
3-1-8 units

Graduate-level version of 16.30; see description under 16.30. Includes additional homework questions, laboratory experiments, and a term project beyond 16.30 with a particular focus on the material associated with state-space realizations of MIMO transfer function (matrices); MIMO zeros, controllability, and observability; stochastic processes and estimation; limitations on performance; design and analysis of dynamic output feedback controllers; and robustness of multivariable control systems.

S. Karaman

16.322 Stochastic Estimation and Control

Prereq: 16.31; 6.041B, 6.431B, or 16.09
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Estimation and control of dynamic systems. Brief review of probability and random variables. Classical and state-space descriptions of random processes and their propagation through linear systems. Frequency domain design of filters and compensators. The Kalman filter to estimate the states of dynamic systems. Conditions for stability of the filter equations.

N. Roy

16.323 Principles of Optimal Control

Prereq: 18.085, 16.31
G (Spring)
3-0-9 units

Studies basic optimization and the principles of optimal control. Considers deterministic and stochastic problems for both discrete and continuous systems. Solution methods include numerical search algorithms, model predictive control, dynamic programming, variational calculus, and approaches based on Pontryagin's maximum principle. Includes many examples and applications of the theory.

S. R. Hall, J. P. How

16.333 Aircraft Stability and Control

Prereq: 16.31 or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Spring)

3-0-9 units

Brief review of applied aerodynamics and modern approaches in aircraft stability and control. Static stability and trim. Stability derivatives and characteristic longitudinal and lateral-directional motions. Physical effects of wing, fuselage, and tail on aircraft motion. Flight vehicle stabilization by classical and modern control techniques. Time and frequency domain analysis of control system performance. Human pilot models and pilot-in-the-loop control with applications. V/STOL stability, dynamics, and control during transition from hover to forward flight. Parameter sensitivity and handling quality analysis of aircraft through variable flight conditions. Brief discussion of motion at high angles-of-attack, roll coupling, and other nonlinear flight regimes.

E. Frazzoli

16.338[J] Dynamic Systems and Control

Same subject as 6.241[J]
Prereq: 6.003, 18.06
G (Spring)
4-0-8 units

See description under subject 6.241[J].

M. A. Dahleh, A. Megretski, E. Frazzoli

16.343 Spacecraft and Aircraft Sensors and Instrumentation

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

Covers fundamental sensor and instrumentation principles in the context of systems designed for space or atmospheric flight. Systems discussed include basic measurement system for force, temperature, pressure; navigation systems (Global Positioning System, Inertial Reference Systems, radio navigation), air data systems, communication systems; spacecraft attitude determination by stellar, solar, and horizon sensing; remote sensing by incoherent and Doppler radar, radiometry, spectrometry, and interferometry. Also included is a review of basic electromagnetic theory and antenna design and discussion of design considerations for flight. Alternate years.

K. Cahoy, R. J. Hansman

16.346 Astrodynamics

Prereq: 18.03
G (Spring)
3-0-9 units

Fundamentals of astrodynamics; the two-body orbital initial-value and boundary-value problems with applications to space vehicle navigation and guidance for lunar and planetary missions with applications to space vehicle navigation and guidance for lunar and planetary missions including both powered flight and midcourse maneuvers. Topics include celestial mechanics, Kepler's problem, Lambert's problem, orbit determination, multi-body methods, mission planning, and recursive algorithms for space navigation. Selected applications from the Apollo, Space Shuttle, and Mars exploration programs.

S. E. Widnall

16.35 Real-Time Systems and Software

Prereq: 1.00, 6.0002, or 6.005
U (Spring)
3-0-9 units

Concepts, principles, and methods for specifying and designing real-time computer systems. Topics include concurrency, real-time execution implementation, scheduling, testing, verification, real-time analysis, and software engineering concepts. Additional topics include operating system architecture, process management, and networking.

N. Roy

16.355[J] Concepts in the Engineering of Software

Same subject as IDS.341[J]
Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Spring)
3-0-9 units

Reading and discussion on issues in the engineering of software systems and software development project design. Includes the present state of software engineering, what has been tried in the past, what worked, what did not, and why. Topics may differ in each offering, but are chosen from the software process and life cycle; requirements and specifications; design principles; testing, formal analysis, and reviews; quality management and assessment; product and process metrics; COTS and reuse; evolution and maintenance; team organization and people management; and software engineering aspects of programming languages.

N. G. Leveson

16.36 Communication Systems and Networks

Subject meets with 16.363
Prereq: 16.002 or 6.003; 16.09 or 6.041B
U (Spring)
3-0-9 units

Introduces the fundamentals of digital communications and networking. Topics include elements of information theory, sampling and quantization, coding, modulation, signal detection and system performance in the presence of noise. Study of data networking includes multiple access, reliable packet transmission, routing and protocols of the internet. Concepts discussed in the context of aerospace communication systems: aircraft communications, satellite communications, and deep space communications. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments.

E. H. Modiano

16.363 Communication Systems and Networks

Subject meets with 16.36
Prereq: 16.004 or 6.003; 16.09 or 6.041B
G (Spring)
3-0-9 units

Introduces the fundamentals of digital communications and networking, focusing on the study of networks, including protocols, performance analysis, and queuing theory. Topics include elements of information theory, sampling and quantization, coding, modulation, signal detection and system performance in the presence of noise. Study of data networking includes multiple access, reliable packet transmission, routing and protocols of the internet. Concepts discussed in the context of aerospace communication systems: aircraft communications, satellite communications, and deep space communications. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments.

E. H. Modiano

16.37[J] Data-Communication Networks

Same subject as 6.263[J]
Prereq: 6.041B or 18.204
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

See description under subject 6.263[J].

E. Modiano, D. Shah

16.391[J] Statistics for Engineers and Scientists

Same subject as 6.434[J]
Prereq: Calculus II (GIR), 18.06, 6.431B, or permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

See description under subject 6.434[J].

M. Win, J. N. Tsitsiklis

16.395 Principles of Wide Bandwidth Communication

Prereq: 6.011, 16.36, or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

Introduction to the principles of wide bandwidth wireless communication, with a focus on ultra-wide bandwidth (UWB) systems. Topics include the basics of spread-spectrum systems, impulse radio, Rake reception, transmitted reference signaling, spectral analysis, coexistence issues, signal acquisition, channel measurement and modeling, regulatory issues, and ranging, localization and GPS. Consists of lectures and technical presentations by students.

M. Z. Win

Humans and Automation

16.400 Human Systems Engineering

Subject meets with 16.453[J], HST.518[J]
Prereq: 6.041B, 16.09, or permission of instructor
U (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Provides a fundamental understanding of human factors that must be taken into account in the design and engineering of complex aviation, space, and medical systems. Focuses primarily on derivation of human engineering design criteria from sensory, motor, and cognitive sources. Includes principles of displays, controls and ergonomics, manual control, the nature of human error, basic experimental design, and human-computer interaction in supervisory control settings. Students taking graduate version complete a research project with a final written report and oral presentation.

L. A. Stirling

16.401 Topics in Communication and Software

Prereq: Permission of department
U (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Provides credit for student work on undergraduate-level material in communications and/or software outside of regularly scheduled subjects. Intended for study abroad under either the department's Year Abroad Program or the Cambridge-MIT Exchange Program. Credit may be used to satisfy specific SB degree requirements. Requires prior approval. Consult department.

N. Roy

16.405[J] Robotics: Science and Systems

Same subject as 6.141[J]
Prereq: 1.00 or 6.0001; 2.003[J], 6.005, 6.006, 6.009, or 16.06; or permission of instructor
U (Spring)
2-6-4 units. Institute LAB

See description under subject 6.141[J]. Enrollment limited.

S. Karaman, D. Rus

16.410 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making

Subject meets with 16.413
Prereq: 1.00 or 6.0002
U (Fall)
4-0-8 units

Survey of reasoning, optimization and decision making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. Focus on principles, algorithms, and their application, taken from the disciplines of artificial intelligence and operations research. Reasoning paradigms include logic and deduction, heuristic and constraint-based search, model-based reasoning, planning and execution, and machine learning. Optimization paradigms include linear programming, integer programming, and dynamic programming. Decision-making paradigms include decision theoretic planning, and Markov decision processes. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments.

B. C. Williams

16.412[J] Cognitive Robotics

Same subject as 6.834[J]
Prereq: 6.041B, 6.042[J], or 16.09; 16.413 or 6.034
G (Spring)
3-0-9 units

Algorithms and paradigms for creating a wide range of robotic systems that act intelligently and robustly, by reasoning extensively from models of themselves and their world. Examples range from autonomous Mars explorers and cooperative air vehicles, to everyday embedded devices. Topics include deduction and search in real-time; temporal, decision-theoretic and contingency planning; dynamic execution and re-planning; reasoning about hidden state and failures; reasoning under uncertainty, path planning, mapping and localization, and cooperative and distributed robotics. 8 Engineering Design Points.

B. C. Williams

16.413 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making

Subject meets with 16.410
Prereq: 1.00, 6.0002, 6.01, or permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Graduate-level version of 16.410; see description under 16.410. Additional material on reasoning under uncertainty and machine learning, including hidden Markov models, graphical models and Bayesian networks, computational learning theory, reinforcement learning, decision tree learning and support vector machines. Assignments include the application of autonomy algorithms to practical aerospace systems, as well as more advanced programming assignments.

B. C. Williams

16.420 Planning Under Uncertainty

Prereq: 16.413
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

Concepts, principles, and methods for planning with imperfect knowledge. Topics include state estimation, planning in information space, partially observable Markov decision processes, reinforcement learning and planning with uncertain models. Students will develop an understanding of how different planning algorithms and solutions techniques are useful in different problem domains. Previous coursework in artificial intelligence and state estimation strongly recommended.

Staff

16.422 Human Supervisory Control of Automated Systems

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-1-8 units

Principles of supervisory control and telerobotics. Different levels of automation are discussed, as well as the allocation of roles and authority between humans and machines. Human-vehicle interface design in highly automated systems. Decision aiding. Trade-offs between human control and human monitoring. Automated alerting systems and human intervention in automatic operation. Enhanced human interface technologies such as virtual presence. Performance, optimization, and social implications of the human-automation system. Examples from aerospace, ground, and undersea vehicles, robotics, and industrial systems.

J. A. Shah

16.423[J] Aerospace Biomedical and Life Support Engineering

Same subject as HST.515[J], IDS.337[J]
Prereq: 16.400, 16.06, or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: G (Spring)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

3-1-8 units

Fundamentals of human performance, physiology, and life support impacting engineering design and aerospace systems. Topics include effects of gravity on the muscle, skeletal, cardiovascular, and neurovestibular systems; human/pilot modeling and human/machine design; flight experiment design; and life support engineering for extravehicular activity (EVA). Case studies of current research are presented. Assignments include a design project, quantitative homework sets, and quizzes emphasizing engineering and systems aspects.

D. J. Newman

16.430[J] Sensory-Neural Systems: Spatial Orientation from End Organs to Behavior and Adaptation

Same subject as HST.514[J]
Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Spring)
3-0-9 units

See description under subject HST.514[J].

D. Merfeld, F. Karmali

16.440[J] Research Seminar: Human, Remote and Autonomous Systems in Air, Sea, and Space

Same subject as STS.470[J]
Prereq: 16.400, 16.453[J], or permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Examines relationships between human-occupied, remotely operated, and autonomous systems in the extreme environments of the deep ocean, air, and spaceflight. Uses a mix of historical, sociological, and engineering perspectives, examines different forms of human presence in each type of system and how they relate to each other in time and space, including: physical hand-on-the stick flying, supervisory control, remote operation, systems design, programming autonomous systems, management. Emphasis on networks of people interacting in networks of organizations through networks of machines.

D. A. Mindell

16.453[J] Human Systems Engineering

Same subject as HST.518[J]
Subject meets with 16.400

Prereq: 6.041B, 16.09, or permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Provides a fundamental understanding of human factors that must be taken into account in the design and engineering of complex aviation, space, and medical systems. Focuses primarily on derivation of human engineering design criteria from sensory, motor, and cognitive sources. Includes principles of displays, controls and ergonomics, manual control, the nature of human error, basic experimental design, and human-computer interaction in supervisory control settings. Students taking graduate version complete a research project with a final written report and oral presentation.

L. A. Stirling

16.456[J] Biomedical Signal and Image Processing

Same subject as 6.555[J], HST.582[J]
Prereq: 6.003, 2.004, 16.002, or 18.085
G (Spring)
3-3-6 units

See description under subject HST.582[J].

J. Greenberg, E. Adalsteinsson, W. Wells

16.459 Bioengineering Journal Article Seminar

Prereq: None
G (Fall, Spring)
1-0-1 units
Can be repeated for credit.

Each term, the class selects a new set of professional journal articles on bioengineering topics of current research interest. Some papers are chosen because of particular content, others are selected because they illustrate important points of methodology. Each week, one student leads the discussion, evaluating the strengths, weaknesses, and importance of each paper. Subject may be repeated for credit a maximum of four terms. Letter grade given in the last term applies to all accumulated units of 16.459.

J. A. Hoffman, C. M. Oman, L. A. Stirling

16.470 Statistical Methods in Experimental Design

Prereq: 6.041B, 16.09, or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Spring)

3-0-9 units

Statistically based experimental design inclusive of forming hypotheses, planning and conducting experiments, analyzing data, and interpreting and communicating results. Topics include descriptive statistics, statistical inference, hypothesis testing, parametric and nonparametric statistical analyses, factorial ANOVA, randomized block designs, MANOVA, linear regression, repeated measures models, and application of statistical software packages.

C. L. Carr

16.475 Human-Computer Interface Design Colloquium

Prereq: None
G (Fall)
Not offered regularly; consult department

2-0-2 units

Provides guidance on design and evaluation of human-computer interfaces for students with active research projects. Roundtable discussion on developing user requirements, human-centered design principles, and testing and evaluating methodologies. Students present their work and evaluate each other's projects. Readings complement specific focus areas. Team participation encouraged. Open to advanced undergraduates.

Staff

Propulsion and Energy Conversion

16.50 Aerospace Propulsion

Prereq: 16.003; 16.004 or 2.005
U (Spring)
3-0-9 units

Presents aerospace propulsive devices as systems, with functional requirements and engineering and environmental limitations. Requirements and limitations that constrain design choices. Both air-breathing and rocket engines covered, at a level which enables rational integration of the propulsive system into an overall vehicle design. Mission analysis, fundamental performance relations, and exemplary design solutions presented.

S. Barrett

16.511 Aircraft Engines and Gas Turbines

Prereq: 16.50 or permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Performance and characteristics of aircraft jet engines and industrial gas turbines, as determined by thermodynamic and fluid mechanic behavior of engine components: inlets, compressors, combustors, turbines, and nozzles. Discusses various engine types, including advanced turbofan configurations, limitations imposed by material properties and stresses. Emphasizes future design trends including reduction of noise, pollutant formation, fuel consumption, and weight.

Z. S. Spakovszky

16.512 Rocket Propulsion

Prereq: 16.50 or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

Chemical rocket propulsion systems for launch, orbital, and interplanetary flight. Modeling of solid, liquid-bipropellant, and hybrid rocket engines. Thermochemistry, prediction of specific impulse. Nozzle flows including real gas and kinetic effects. Structural constraints. Propellant feed systems, turbopumps. Combustion processes in solid, liquid, and hybrid rockets. Cooling; heat sink, ablative, and regenerative.

P. C. Lozano

16.522 Space Propulsion

Prereq: 16.50 or permission of instructor
G (Spring)
3-3-6 units

Reviews rocket propulsion fundamentals. Discusses advanced concepts in rocket propulsion ranging from chemical engines to electrical engines. Topics include advanced mission analysis, physics and engineering of microthrusters, solid propellant rockets, electrothermal, electrostatic, and electromagnetic schemes for accelerating propellant. Some coverage is given of satellite power systems and their relation to propulsion systems. Laboratory work emphasizes design and characterization of electric propulsion engines.

P. C. Lozano

16.540 Internal Flows in Turbomachines

Prereq: 2.25 or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: G (Spring)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

3-0-9 units

Internal fluid motions in turbomachines, propulsion systems, ducts and channels, and other fluid machinery. Useful basic ideas, fundamentals of rotational flows, loss sources and loss accounting in fluid devices, unsteady internal flow and flow instability, flow in rotating passages, swirling flow, generation of streamwise vorticity and three-dimensional flow, non-uniform flow in fluid components. Alternate years.

E. M. Greitzer

16.55 Ionized Gases

Prereq: 8.02 or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

Properties and behavior of low-temperature plasmas for energy conversion, plasma propulsion, and gas lasers. Equilibrium of ionized gases: energy states, statistical mechanics, and relationship to thermodynamics. Kinetic theory: motion of charged particles, distribution function, collisions, characteristic lengths and times, cross sections, and transport properties. Gas surface interactions: thermionic emission, sheaths, and probe theory. Radiation in plasmas and diagnostics.

P. C. Lozano

Other Undergraduate Subjects

16.UR Undergraduate Research

Prereq: None
U (Fall, IAP, Spring, Summer)
Units arranged [P/D/F]
Can be repeated for credit.

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16.EPE UPOP Engineering Practice Experience

Engineering School-Wide Elective Subject.
Offered under: 1.EPE, 2.EPE, 3.EPE, 6.EPE, 10.EPE, 16.EPE, 22.EPE

Prereq: 2.EPW or permission of instructor
U (Fall, Spring)
0-0-1 units

See description under subject 2.EPE.

Staff

16.EPW UPOP Engineering Practice Workshop

Engineering School-Wide Elective Subject.
Offered under: 1.EPW, 2.EPW, 3.EPW, 6.EPW, 10.EPW, 16.EPW, 20.EPW, 22.EPW

Prereq: None
U (Fall, IAP)
1-0-0 units

See description under subject 2.EPW. Enrollment limited.

Staff

16.S685 Special Subject in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Prereq: Permission of instructor
U (Fall, IAP, Spring, Summer)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged [P/D/F]
Can be repeated for credit.

Basic undergraduate topics not offered in regularly scheduled subjects. Subject to approval of faculty in charge. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S686 Special Subject in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Prereq: Permission of instructor
U (Fall, IAP, Spring, Summer)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Opportunity for study or lab work related to aeronautics and astronautics not covered in regularly scheduled subjects. Subject to approval of faculty in charge. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S688 Special Subject in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Prereq: None
U (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Opportunity for study or lab work related to aeronautics and astronautics but not covered in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.621 Experimental Projects I

Prereq: None. Coreq: 16.06 or 16.07
U (Fall, Spring)
2-1-3 units

First in a two-term sequence that addresses the conception and design of a student-defined or selected experimental research project carried out by two-person team under faculty advisement. Principles of research hypothesis formulation and assessment, experimental measurements and error analysis, and effective report writing and oral presentation, with instruction both in-class and on an individual and team basis. Selection and detailed planning of a research project, including in-depth design of experimental procedure that is then carried through to completion in 16.622.

B. L. Wardle, J. L. Craig, S. Hall, S. E. Widnall

16.622 Experimental Projects II

Prereq: 16.621
U (Fall, Spring)
1-7-4 units. Institute LAB

Execution of research project experiments based on the plan developed in 16.621. Working with their faculty advisor and course staff, student teams construct their experiment, carry out measurements of the relevant phenomena, analyze the data, and then apply the results to assess the research hypothesis. Includes instruction on effective report writing and oral presentations culminating in a written final report and formal oral presentation.

B. L. Wardle, J. L. Craig, S. Hall, S. E. Widnall

16.63[J] System Safety

Same subject as IDS.045[J]
Prereq: None
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: U (Fall)

3-0-9 units. REST

See description under subject IDS.045[J].

N. Leveson

16.64 Flight Measurement Laboratory

Prereq: 16.002
U (Spring)
2-2-2 units

Opportunity to see aeronautical theory applied in real-world environment of flight. Students assist in design and execution of simple engineering flight experiments in light aircraft. Typical investigations include determination of stability derivatives, verification of performance specifications, and measurement of navigation system characteristics. Restricted to students in Aeronautics and Astronautics.

R. J. Hansman

16.650 Engineering Leadership Lab

Engineering School-Wide Elective Subject.
Offered under: 6.911, 16.650
Subject meets with 6.913[J], 16.667[J]

Prereq: None. Coreq: 6.912 or permission of instructor
U (Fall, Spring)
0-2-1 units
Can be repeated for credit.

See description under subject 6.911. Preference to first-year students in the Bernard M. Gordon-MIT Engineering Leadership Program.

L. McGonagle, J. Feiler

16.651 Engineering Leadership

Engineering School-Wide Elective Subject.
Offered under: 6.912, 16.651

Prereq: None. Coreq: 6.911 or permission of instructor
U (Fall, Spring)
1-0-2 units
Can be repeated for credit.

See description under subject 6.912. Preference to first-year students in the Gordon Engineering Leadership Program.

J. Magarian, J. Schindall, L. McGonagle

16.653 Management in Engineering

Engineering School-Wide Elective Subject.
Offered under: 2.96, 6.930, 10.806, 16.653

Prereq: None
U (Fall)
3-1-8 units

See description under subject 2.96. Restricted to juniors and seniors.

H. S. Marcus, J.-H. Chun

16.66 MATLAB Skills for Aeronautics and Astronautics (16.99)

Prereq: None
U (Fall; first half of term)
1-0-2 units

Introduction to basic MATLAB skills in programming, analysis, and plotting. Recommended for sophomores without previous MATLAB experience. Preference to Course 16 majors.

A. N. Marques

16.662 Engineering Innovation and Design (New)

Engineering School-Wide Elective Subject.
Offered under: 2.723, 6.902, 16.662

Prereq: None
U (Fall, Spring)
3-0-3 units

See description under subject 6.902.

B. Kotelly

16.667 Engineering Leadership Lab

Engineering School-Wide Elective Subject.
Offered under: 6.913, 16.667
Subject meets with 6.911[J], 16.650[J]

Prereq: 6.911
U (Fall, Spring)
0-2-4 units
Can be repeated for credit.

See description under subject 6.913. Preference to second-year students in the Bernard M. Gordon-MIT Engineering Leadership Program.

L. McGonagle, J. Feiler

16.669 Project Engineering

Engineering School-Wide Elective Subject.
Offered under: 6.914, 16.669

Prereq: 6.911 or permission of instructor
U (IAP)
1-2-1 units
Credit cannot also be received for 1.040

See description under subject 6.914. Preference to students in the Bernard M. Gordon-MIT Engineering Leadership Program.

O. de Weck

16.671[J] Leading Creative and Innovative Teams (New)

Same subject as 6.915[J]
Prereq: None
U (Spring)
6-0-6 units

See description under subject 6.915[J]. Enrollment limited to seating capacity of classroom. Admittance may be controlled by lottery.

D. Nino, J. Schindall

16.68 Modern Space Science and Engineering Seminar

Prereq: None
U (Spring)
2-0-4 units

Exposes students to the broad variety of scientific and technology experiments being carried out in space, and the complex engineering required to implement them. Fosters an appreciation for the interaction of science and engineering in the space enterprise. Specific topics vary from year to year.

J. A. Hoffman

16.680 Project in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Prereq: None
U (Fall, IAP, Spring, Summer)
Units arranged [P/D/F]
Can be repeated for credit.

Opportunity to work on projects related to aerospace engineering outside the department. Requires prior approval.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.681 Topics in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Prereq: None
U (Fall, IAP, Spring, Summer)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Opportunity for study or laboratory project work not available elsewhere in the curriculum. Topics selected in consultation with the instructor.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.682 Selected Topics in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Prereq: None
U (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Study by qualified students. Topics selected in consultation with the instructor. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.683 Seminar in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Prereq: None
Acad Year 2016-2017: U (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

2-0-0 units
Can be repeated for credit.

Speakers from campus and industry discuss current activities and advances in aeronautics and astronautics. Restricted to Course 16 students.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.687 Selected Topics in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Prereq: None
U (Fall, IAP, Spring, Summer)
Units arranged [P/D/F]
Can be repeated for credit.

Study by qualified students. Topics selected in consultation with the instructor. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

Flight Transportation

16.707[J] The History of Aviation

Same subject as STS.467[J]
Prereq: Permission of Instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Spring)

3-0-9 units

See description under subject STS.467[J].

D. Mindell

16.71[J] The Airline Industry

Same subject as 1.232[J], 15.054[J]
Prereq: None
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Overview of the global airline industry, focusing on recent industry performance, current issues and challenges for the future. Fundamentals of airline industry structure, airline economics, operations planning, safety, labor relations, airports and air traffic control, marketing, and competitive strategies, with an emphasis on the interrelationships among major industry stakeholders. Recent research findings of the MIT Global Airline Industry Program are showcased, including the impacts of congestion and delays, evolution of information technologies, changing human resource management practices, and competitive effects of new entrant airlines. Taught by faculty participants of the Global Airline Industry Program.

P. P. Belobaba, A. I. Barnett, C. Barnhart, R. J. Hansman, T. A. Kochan

16.715 Aerospace, Energy, and the Environment

Prereq: Chemistry (GIR); 1.060B, 2.006, 10.301,16.003, 16.004, or permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Addresses energy and environmental challenges facing aerospace in the 21st century. Topics include: aircraft performance and energy requirements, propulsion technologies, jet fuels and alternative fuels, lifecycle assessment of fuels, combustion, emissions, climate change due to aviation, aircraft contrails, air pollution impacts of aviation, impacts of supersonic aircraft, and aviation noise. Includes an in-depth introduction to the relevant atmospheric and combustion physics and chemistry with no prior knowledge assumed. Discussion and analysis of near-term technological, fuel-based, regulatory and operational mitigation options for aviation, and longer-term technical possibilities.

S. Barrett

16.72 Air Traffic Control

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

Introduces the various aspects of present and future Air Traffic Control systems. Descriptions of the present system: systems-analysis approach to problems of capacity and safety; surveillance, including NAS and ARTS; navigation subsystem technology; aircraft guidance and control; communications; collision avoidance systems; sequencing and spacing in terminal areas; future directions and development; critical discussion of past proposals and of probable future problem areas. Requires term paper.

H. Balakrishnan

16.75[J] Airline Management

Same subject as 1.234[J]
Prereq: 16.71[J]
Acad Year 2016-2017: G (Spring)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

3-0-9 units

Overview of airline management decision processes, with a focus on economic issues and their relationship to operations planning models and decision support tools. Application of economic models of demand, pricing, costs, and supply to airline markets and networks. Examination of industry practice and emerging methods for fleet planning, route network design, scheduling, pricing and revenue management, with emphasis on the interactions between the components of airline management and profit objectives in competitive environments. Students participate in a competitive airline management simulation game as part of the subject requirements.

P. P. Belobaba

16.76[J] Logistical and Transportation Planning Methods

Same subject as 1.203[J], 15.073[J]
Prereq: 6.041B
G (Spring)
3-0-9 units

See description under subject 1.203[J].

R. C. Larson, A. I. Barnett

16.763[J] Air Transportation Operations Research

Same subject as 1.233[J]
Prereq: 16.71[J], 6.431, 15.093[J], or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Spring)

3-0-9 units

Presents a unified view of advanced quantitative analysis and optimization techniques applied to the air transportation sector. Considers the problem of operating and managing the aviation sector from the perspectives of the system operators (e.g., the FAA), the airlines, and the resultant impacts on the end-users (the passengers). Explores models and optimization approaches to system-level problems, airline schedule planning problems, and airline management challenges. Term paper required.

H. Balakrishnan, C. Barnhart, P. P. Belobaba

16.767 Introduction to Airline Transport Aircraft Systems and Automation

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (IAP)
3-2-1 units

Intensive one-week subject that uses the Boeing 767 aircraft as an example of a system of systems. Focuses on design drivers and compromises, system interactions, and human-machine interface. Morning lectures, followed by afternoon desktop simulator sessions. Critique and comparison with other transport aircraft designs. Includes one evening at Boston Logan International Airport aboard an aircraft. Enrollment limited.

C. M. Oman, B. Nield

16.781[J] Planning and Design of Airport Systems

Same subject as 1.231[J], IDS.670[J]
Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: G (Fall)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

3-0-9 units

See description under subject 1.231[J].

R. de Neufville, A. R. Odoni

Aerospace Systems

16.82 Flight Vehicle Engineering

Prereq: Permission of instructor
U (Fall)
3-3-6 units

Design of an atmospheric flight vehicle to satisfy stated performance, stability, and control requirements. Emphasizes individual initiative, application of fundamental principles, and the compromises inherent in the engineering design process. Includes instruction and practice in written and oral communication, through team presentations and a written final report. Offered alternate Spring and Fall terms.

W. Hoburg, M. Drela, R. J. Hansman

16.821 Flight Vehicle Development

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: U (Spring)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

2-10-6 units. Institute LAB

Focuses on implementation and operation of a flight system. Emphasizes system integration, implementation, and performance verification using methods of experimental inquiry, and addresses principles of laboratory safety. Students refine subsystem designs and fabricate working prototypes. Includes component integration into the full system with detailed analysis and operation of the complete vehicle in the laboratory and in the field, as well as experimental analysis of subsystem performance, comparison with physical models of performance and design goals, and formal review of the overall system design. Knowledge of the engineering design process is helpful. Provides instruction in written and oral communication.

R. J. Hansman, M. Drela

16.83[J] Space Systems Engineering

Same subject as 12.43[J]
Prereq: Permission of instructor
U (Spring)
3-3-6 units

Design of a complete space system, including systems analysis, trajectory analysis, entry dynamics, propulsion and power systems, structural design, avionics, thermal and environmental control, human factors, support systems, and weight and cost estimates. Students participate in teams, each responsible for an integrated vehicle design, providing experience in project organization and interaction between disciplines. Includes several aspects of team communication including three formal presentations, informal progress reports, colleague assessments, and written reports. Course 16 students are expected to complete two professional or concentration subjects from the departmental program before taking this capstone. Offered alternate fall and spring terms.

J. A. Hoffman, A. Saenz-Otero

16.831[J] Space Systems Development

Same subject as 12.431[J]
Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: U (Spring)

2-10-6 units. Institute LAB

Students build a space system, focusing on refinement of sub-system designs and fabrication of full-scale prototypes. Sub-systems are integrated into a vehicle and tested. Sub-system performance is verified using methods of experimental inquiry, and is compared with physical models of performance and design goals. Communication skills are honed through written and oral reports. Formal reviews include the Implementation Plan Review and the Acceptance Review. Knowledge of the engineering design process is helpful.

J. A. Hoffman, A. Saenz-Otero

16.842 Fundamentals of Systems Engineering

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall)
2-0-4 units

General introduction to systems engineering using the classical V-model. Topics include stakeholder analysis, requirements definition, system architecture and concept generation, trade-space exploration and concept selection, human factors, design definition and optimization, system integration and interface management, system safety, verification and validation, and commissioning and operations. Discusses the trade-offs between performance, life-cycle cost and system operability. Readings based on systems engineering standards. Individual homework assignments apply concepts from class and contain both aeronautical and astronautical applications. Prepares students for the systems field exam in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics.

O. de Weck

16.851 Satellite Engineering

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Fundamentals of satellite engineering design, including distributed satellite. Studies orbital environment. Analyzes problems of station keeping, attitude control, communications, power generation, structural design, thermal balance, and subsystem integration. Considers trade-offs among weight, efficiency, cost, and reliability. Discusses choice of design parameters, such as size, weight, power levels, temperature limits, frequency, and bandwidth. Examples taken from current satellite systems.

K. Cahoy

16.852 Integrating The Lean Enterprise

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

Addresses some of the important issues involved with the planning, development, and implementation of lean enterprises. People, technology, process, and management dimensions of an effective lean manufacturing company are considered in a unified framework. Particular emphasis on the integration of these dimensions across the entire enterprise, including product development, production, and the extended supply chain. Analysis tools as well as future trends and directions are explored. A key component of this subject is a team project.

Staff

16.855[J] Systems Architecting Applied to Enterprises

Same subject as IDS.336[J]
Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Spring)
3-0-9 units

See description under subject IDS.336[J].

D. Rhodes

16.861 Engineering Systems Analysis for Design

Engineering School-Wide Elective Subject.
Offered under: 1.146, 16.861, IDS.332
Subject meets with IDS.333

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

See description under subject IDS.332.

R. de Neufville

16.863[J] System Safety Concepts

Same subject as IDS.340[J]
Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Covers important concepts and techniques in designing and operating safety-critical systems. Topics include the nature of risk, formal accident and human error models, causes of accidents, fundamental concepts of system safety engineering, system and software hazard analysis, designing for safety, fault tolerance, safety issues in the design of human-machine interaction, verification of safety, creating a safety culture, and management of safety-critical projects. Includes a class project involving the high-level system design and analysis of a safety-critical system.

N. G. Leveson

16.885 Aircraft Systems Engineering

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: G (Fall)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

3-1-8 units

Holistic view of the aircraft as a system, covering basic systems engineering, cost and weight estimation, basic aircraft performance, safety and reliability, life cycle topics, aircraft subsystems, risk analysis and management, and system realization. Small student teams retrospectively analyze an existing aircraft covering: key design drivers and decisions; aircraft attributes and subsystems; operational experience. Oral and written versions of the case study are delivered. Focuses on a systems engineering analysis of the Space Shuttle. Studies both design and operations of the shuttle, with frequent lectures by outside experts. Students choose specific shuttle systems for detailed analysis and develop new subsystem designs using state of the art technology.

R. J. Hansman, W. Hoburg

16.886 Air Transportation Systems Architecting

Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-2-7 units

Addresses the architecting of air transportation systems. Focuses on the conceptual phase of product definition including technical, economic, market, environmental, regulatory, legal, manufacturing, and societal factors. Centers on a realistic system case study and includes a number of lectures from industry and government. Past examples include the Very Large Transport Aircraft, a Supersonic Business Jet and a Next Generation Cargo System. Identifies the critical system level issues and analyzes them in depth via student team projects and individual assignments. Overall goal is to produce a business plan and a system specifications document that can be used to assess candidate systems.

R. J. Hansman

16.888[J] Multidisciplinary System Design Optimization

Same subject as IDS.338[J]
Prereq: 18.085 or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Spring)

3-1-8 units

See description under subject IDS.338[J].

O. de Weck, K. E. Willcox

16.89[J] Space Systems Engineering

Same subject as IDS.339[J]
Prereq: 16.851 or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Spring)

4-2-6 units

Focus on developing space system architectures. Applies subsystem knowledge gained in 16.851 to examine interactions between subsystems in the context of a space system design. Principles and processes of systems engineering including developing space architectures, developing and writing requirements, and concepts of risk are explored and applied to the project. Subject develops, documents, and presents a conceptual design of a space system including a preliminary spacecraft design.

O. de Weck

16.895[J] Engineering Apollo: The Moon Project as a Complex System

Same subject as STS.471[J]
Prereq: Permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: G (Spring)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

4-0-8 units

See description under subject STS.471[J].

D. Mindell

Computation

16.90 Computational Methods in Aerospace Engineering

Prereq: 16.001, 16.002, 16.003, 16.004, or permission of instructor; Coreq: 16.09 or 6.041B
U (Spring)
3-0-9 units

Introduction to computational techniques arising in aerospace engineering. Techniques include numerical integration of systems of ordinary differential equations; numerical discretization of partial differential equations; and probabilistic methods for quantifying the impact of variability. Specific emphasis will be given to finite volume methods in fluid mechanics, and energy and finite element methods in structural mechanics.

R. Radovitzky, D. L. Darmofal

16.910[J] Introduction to Numerical Simulation

Same subject as 2.096[J], 6.336[J]
Prereq: 18.03 or 18.06
G (Fall)
3-3-6 units

See description under subject 6.336[J].

L. Daniel, J. K. White

16.920[J] Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Same subject as 2.097[J], 6.339[J]
Prereq: 18.03 or 18.06
G (Fall)
3-0-9 units

Covers the fundamentals of modern numerical techniques for a wide range of linear and nonlinear elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic partial differential and integral equations. Topics include mathematical formulations; finite difference, finite volume, finite element, and boundary element discretization methods; and direct and iterative solution techniques. The methodologies described form the foundation for computational approaches to engineering systems involving heat transfer, solid mechanics, fluid dynamics, and electromagnetics. Computer assignments requiring programming.

Q. Wang, J. K. White

16.930 Advanced Topics in Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Prereq: 16.920[J]
Acad Year 2016-2017: G (Spring)
Acad Year 2017-2018: Not offered

3-0-9 units

Covers advanced topics in numerical methods for the discretization, solution, and control of problems governed by partial differential equations. Topics include the application of the finite element method to systems of equations with emphasis on equations governing compressible, viscous flows; grid generation; optimal control of PDE-constrained systems; a posteriori error estimation and adaptivity; reduced basis approximations and reduced-order modeling. Computer assignments require programming.

Staff

16.940 Numerical Methods for Stochastic Modeling and Inference

Prereq: 16.920[J], 6.431; or permission of instructor
Acad Year 2016-2017: Not offered
Acad Year 2017-2018: G (Fall)

3-0-9 units

Advanced introduction to numerical methods for treating uncertainty in computational simulation. Draws examples from a range of engineering and science applications, emphasizing systems governed by ordinary and partial differential equations. Uncertainty propagation and assessment: Monte Carlo methods, variance reduction, sensitivity analysis, adjoint methods, polynomial chaos and Karhunen-Loève expansions, and stochastic Galerkin and collocation methods. Interaction of models with observational data, from the perspective of statistical inference: Bayesian parameter estimation, statistical regularization, Markov chain Monte Carlo, sequential data assimilation and filtering, and model selection.

Y. M. Marzouk

Other Graduate Subjects

16.THG Graduate Thesis

Prereq: Permission of department
G (Fall, IAP, Spring, Summer)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Program of research leading to an SM, EAA, PhD, or ScD thesis; to be arranged by the student with an appropriate MIT faculty member, who becomes thesis supervisor. Restricted to students who have been admitted into the department.

Y. M. Marzouk

16.980 Advanced Project

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, IAP, Spring, Summer)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

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16.981 Advanced Project

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, Spring, Summer)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Study, original investigation, or lab project work by qualified students. Topics selected in consultation with instructor. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.984 Seminar

Prereq: None
G (Fall, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

2-0-0 units
Can be repeated for credit.

Discussion of current interest topics by staff and guest speakers. Prior approval required. Restricted to Course 16 students.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.985[J] Global Operations Leadership Seminar

Same subject as 2.890[J], 10.792[J], 15.792[J]
Prereq: None
G (Fall, Spring)
Units arranged [P/D/F]
Can be repeated for credit.

See description under subject 15.792[J]. Preference to LGO students.

T. Roemer

16.990[J] Leading Creative Teams (New)

Same subject as 6.928[J]
Prereq: None
G (Fall, Spring)
3-1-5 units

See description under subject 6.928[J].

D. Nino, J. Schindall

16.999 Teaching in Aeronautics and Astronautics

Prereq: None
G (Fall, Spring)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

For qualified students interested in gaining teaching experience. Classroom, tutorial, or laboratory teaching under the supervision of a faculty member. Enrollment limited by availability of suitable teaching assignments. Consult department.

Y. M. Marzouk

16.S198 Advanced Special Subject in Mechanics and Physics of Fluids

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled fluids subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S199 Advanced Special Subject in Mechanics and Physics of Fluids

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled fluids subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S298 Advanced Special Subject in Materials and Structures

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled materials and structures subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S299 Advanced Special Subject in Materials and Structures

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled materials and structures subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S398 Advanced Special Subject in Information and Control

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S399 Advanced Special Subject in Information and Control

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S498 Advanced Special Subject in Humans and Automation

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S499 Advanced Special Subject in Humans and Automation

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S598 Advanced Special Subject in Propulsion and Energy Conversion

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S599 Advanced Special Subject in Propulsion and Energy Conversion

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S798 Advanced Special Subject in Flight Transportation

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S799 Advanced Special Subject in Flight Transportation

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S898 Advanced Special Subject in Aerospace Systems

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S899 Advanced Special Subject in Aerospace Systems

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, Spring)
Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S948 Advanced Special Subject in Computation

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S949 Advanced Special Subject in Computation

Prereq: Permission of instructor
G (Fall, Spring)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard

16.S982 Advanced Special Subject

Prereq: Permission of department
G (Fall, Spring, Summer)
Not offered regularly; consult department

Units arranged
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

M. A. Stuppard

16.S983 Advanced Special Subject

Prereq: None
G (Fall, IAP, Spring)
Units arranged [P/D/F]
Can be repeated for credit.

Organized lecture or laboratory subject consisting of material not available in regularly scheduled subjects. Prior approval required.

Consult M. A. Stuppard