School of Science

The School of Science is an amazing enterprise: with approximately 275 faculty members, 1,200 graduate students, 800 undergraduate majors, and comparable numbers of postdoctoral researchers and research staff, the School is large enough to carry out research at the frontiers in every field of science. Our faculty members have won 16 Nobel Prizes and our alumni have won another 16, most of which have been awarded in the past 20 years. The six departments in the School are consistently rated among the best in the world.

The School is a prolific generator of new knowledge. Some members of our community study deep philosophical questions: What is the nature of dark matter and dark energy, which make up 95% of the content of our universe? How does our brain, a complex system of interconnected neurons, give rise to our mind—our consciousness and ability to learn? Other faculty members study problems that have obvious practical implications: How does global warming increase the intensity of hurricanes? Can we make adult stem cells capable of generating any cells in the body, replacing cells damaged by disease without using embryos?

However, the deep commitment to education found in the School of Science makes MIT unique among the great research universities. MIT provides each of its undergraduates with an understanding of the basic elements of biology, chemistry, mathematics, and physics, and our Science faculty are devoted to doing this well. Some of our most famous faculty members, even a few with Nobel Prizes, are some of the best teachers of our first-year undergraduate subjects.

Our science majors are given the very best introduction to their chosen field and the opportunity to participate in leading-edge research. Whether our undergrads choose to start careers in the private or public sector or go on to graduate studies in science or a professional school in an area such as medicine, law, business, or engineering, they will be superbly prepared for their careers after MIT.

Many of our graduate students have pursued distinguished careers in research and education; however, others enjoy equally satisfying careers in business, industry, and government. Combining their PhD degrees in science with medical, law, or business degrees, our graduate students are uniquely capable of making creative contributions to the modern world.


Science has been at the core of an MIT education since the Institute's founding in 1861 by the distinguished natural scientist, William Barton Rogers. The earliest offerings in chemistry, geology, and general science were expanded to include physics, mathematics, and biology, and then consolidated as the School of Science under the leadership of Karl Taylor Compton in 1932. During Compton's tenure and into the postwar years, the Institute saw vast growth in the physical sciences as federal funding for basic research increased. In 1969, the Geology Department became the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, and when it merged with the Department of Meteorology and Physical Oceanography in 1983, it evolved into the present-day Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences.

As the life sciences attained new prominence in the 1970s and 1980s, the Department of Biology grew with the additions of the Center for Cancer Research (now the Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research) and the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research. In 1994, the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences (BCS) moved from the Whitaker College of Health Sciences and Technology to the School of Science. More recently, BCS was expanded by the creation of the McGovern Institute for Brain Research and the Picower Institute for Learning and Memory, broadening the School-wide resources for research in the neurosciences.

Science Laboratories and Centers

Much of our research in science is carried out in large research laboratories and centers like the Whitehead and Picower institutes, where the kinds of facilities necessary for research are available and collaboration among research groups is encouraged. Laboratories and centers with strong participation by School members include:

Interdepartmental Educational Programs

MIT is exceptional among major research institutions for its dedication to undergraduate education. Committed to providing undergraduates with a strong science base for studies in their major, the School and its departments participate in and support a variety of programs designed to create more active, student-centered learning environments inside the classroom.  For instance, the Department of Physics participates in both the d’Arbeloff Interactive Mathematics Project and the Technology-Enabled Active Learning program, which integrate technology into coursework to help students engage with concepts. Likewise, the Undergraduate Research-Inspired Experimental Chemistry Alternatives curriculum integrates cutting-edge research with core chemistry concepts.

Over the past several years, the School of Science has been working to expand educational and training opportunities for graduate students as well, collaborating with the School of Engineering to create innovative graduate programs in fields in which MIT shows great strength. These programs allow MIT to attract the most talented students in their respective fields and to build cross-disciplinary connections among the Institute’s faculty members, departments, and schools.

  • Biophysics. Students in the Biophysics program are trained to work at the intersection of the physical sciences, engineering, and the biology of molecules, cells, and systems. Students participate in MIT’s biophysics research, ranging from molecular-level spectroscopy and imaging to cell and population-level systems biology.
  • Microbiology. With access to a vibrant community of over 50 faculty members across several departments and divisions, Microbiology students receive broad training and in-depth research experience in modern microbial research and engineering.
  • Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience. MCN students work at the forefront of molecular and cellular neuroscience research, with access to a distinguished research community as it strives to understand the biological basis of brain function and neurological disease. 

Degrees Offered in the School of Science

Biology (Course 7)

SB Biology
PhD Biology
PhD Biochemistry
PhD Biological Oceanography (jointly offered with WHOI)
PhD Biophysical Chemistry and Molecular Structure
PhD Cell Biology
PhD Computational and Systems Biology
PhD Developmental Biology
PhD Genetics
PhD Immunology
PhD Microbiology
PhD Molecular Biology
PhD Neurobiology

Brain and Cognitive Sciences (Course 9)

SB Brain and Cognitive Sciences
PhD Cognitive Science
PhD Neuroscience

Chemistry (Course 5)

SB Chemistry
SB Chemistry and Biology
PhD, ScD Chemistry

Chemistry and Biology (Course 5-7)

SB Chemistry and Biology

Computational and Systems Biology (CSB)

PhD Computational and Systems Biology 1

Computer Science and Molecular Biology (Course 6-7)

SB Computer Science and Molecular Biology 1
MEng Computer Science and Molecular Biology 1

Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences (Course 12)

SB Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences
SM Atmospheric Science
SM Chemical Oceanography (jointly offered with WHOI)
SM Climate Science
SM Earth and Planetary Sciences
SM Marine Geology and Geophysics (jointly offered with WHOI)
SM Physical Oceanography (jointly offered with WHOI)
PhD, ScD Atmospheric Chemistry
PhD, ScD Atmospheric Science
PhD, ScD Biological Oceanography (jointly offered with WHOI)
PhD, ScD Chemical Oceanography (jointly offered with WHOI)
PhD, ScD Climate Science
PhD, ScD Geochemistry
PhD, ScD Geology
PhD, ScD Geophysics
PhD, ScD Marine Geology and Geophysics (jointly offered with WHOI)
PhD, ScD Physical Oceanography (jointly offered with WHOI)
PhD, ScD Planetary Sciences

Mathematics (Course 18)

SB Mathematics
SB Mathematics with Computer Science
PhD, ScD Mathematics
PhD Mathematics and Statistics 1


PhD Microbiology 1

Physics (Course 8)

SB Physics
SM Physics
PhD, ScD Physics

Statistics and Science

PhD Mathematics and Statistics 1


Many departments make it possible for a graduate student to pursue a simultaneous master’s degree.

Several departments also offer undesignated degrees, which lead to the Bachelor of Science without departmental designation. The curricula for these programs offer students opportunities to pursue broader programs of study than can be accommodated within a four-year departmental program.


The selection process at MIT is holistic and student centered: each application is evaluated within its unique context. Selection is based on outstanding academic achievement as well as a strong match between the applicant and the Institute.

Undergraduate applicants do not apply to a particular school, department or program and, although the application asks about a preferred field of study, most admitted undergraduates do not declare a major until the second semester of their first year. Admissions information for regular, transfer, and non-degree applicants is provided in the section on Undergraduate Education.

Applicants for graduate study apply directly to the particular department or program of interest. See the individual department and program descriptions for specific requirements.

Office of the Dean

Michael Sipser, PhD
Donner Professor of Mathematics
Dean, School of Science

Sarah Brady, MBA
Assistant Dean for Finance

Elizabeth Chadis, BA
Assistant Dean for Development

Julia C. Keller
Director of Communications

Heather G. Williams
Assistant Dean for Administration and Human Resources